How I’ll Be Spending My Days
This (via Brian Rogers, Chron.com) is what I’ll be watching when I’m not otherwise occupied in the next couple of weeks: the hearing in the 177th District Court on whether Texas’s death penalty procedure violates the Eight Amendment because it creates a significant risk that an innocent person will be executed.
Signed by capital defense veteran Dick Burr, the motion filed by the defense provides a thorough and erudite summary of the reasons that innocent people have most likely been executed in Texas. First, five problems inherent to the seeking of death:
Crime clearance rates and pressure on the police;
Death qualification of prospective jurors;
Fear of the death penalty in defendants and their defense team; and
The tendency of capital juries to consider punishment before determining guilt.
Then, seven problems that exist at the trial level in Texas death-penalty cases (but that could be avoided):
Inadequate compensation of jurors results in jury pools that are not representative of a fair cross-section of the community, diminishing the protection afforded by the jury against overzealous prosecution;
Eyewitness identification testimony obtained without safeguards to reduce the risk of misidentification;
Confessions without procedures necessary to guard against false confession;
Perjured testimony by compensated informants;
Junk forensic testimony;
Inadequate pretrial discovery procedures; and
Juries selected in a racially discriminatory manner.
Finally, two procedures that should guard against wrongful executions, but that in Texas “are so flawed that they contribute to the risk”:
State habeas proceedings; and
Here, for my fellow law geeks (especially Jeff Gamso), is the motion: Green Amended Motion to Declare Texas Death Penalty Procedure Unconstitutional
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